Interjection: Definition & Types

An interjection is a kind of exclamation inserted into regular speech. Actually, it is a brief and abrupt pause in speech for expressing emotions.

Interjections are unique and have some interesting features:

  • Interjections don’t have a grammatical function in the sentence construction.
  • They usually cannot be modified or inflected.
  • They do not have to have a relation to the other parts of the sentence.
  • They are highly context-sensitive.

In spoken language, interjections are the words we instantly use to show our reaction to something which influences our emotion. They are the initial reaction and sometimes do not even make sense. However, for formal speech or writing, using interjections is not appropriate.

Interjections mainly have four roles:

Rule 1: Interjections express a sudden mood, emotions, and feeling with emphasis. There are also many taboo words that are usually used in everyday conversation but not in formal aspects. These words fall into the category of interjections.


  • Wow! That’s an amazing scene.
  • Aw, I did not want him to come.
  • What? You never told me that!

Rule 2: Some interjections interrupt a conversation or a thought or hold someone’s attention for a moment. These are just sounds, not words because these sounds do not make any sense.


  • Your, um, shirt has a stain on the back.
  • I want to, uh, ask you out on a date.

Rule 3: Some interjections express only yes or no.


  • Yes! I will most definitely do it.
  • Nah, we are not going.

Rule 4: Some interjections are used to get someone’s attention.


  • Yo, Alex! Get in the car!
  • Hey! Will you give me that ball?
  • Yoo-hoo! Is there anyone?

More Examples:

Interjections for Greeting Examples

Definition of Interjections for Greeting:

Interjections for greeting are used to greet any person.

Examples of Interjections for Greeting:

  • Hi! How is your health now?
  • Hello! How are you, Peter?
  • Hey! Where are you going?
  • Hi! How’s your business going on?
  • Hello! Is there anyone here?
  • Hey! You must be kidding.
  • Hello! Jack, after such a long time we have met.
  • Hey! Don’t be so hopeless.
  • Hey! Listen to me.
  • Hi! How’s everyone at home?
  • Hello! I am talking to you.
  • Hi! Are you new here?
  • Hey! Why are you so worried?
  • Hi! Come here.
  • Hello! What has brought you here?
  • Hey! Why are you feeling so helpless?
  • Hey! Don’t be so rude.
  • Hi! Have you done the assignment?
  • Hey! Are you going?
  • Hi! Take your sit.

Interjections for Joy Examples

Definition of Interjections for Joy:

Interjections for joy express happiness or joy.

Examples of Interjections for Joy:

  • Hurray! My team has won the tournament.
  • Wow! The scenery is so eye-catching.
  • Yippee! We are going for a picnic.
  • Hurray! I have won the first prize.
  • Wow! The house is so well decorated.
  • Wow! The movie was marvelous.
  • Wow! The program is magnificent.
  • Hurray! My poem is published in the magazine.
  • Hurray! My article is published in the magazine.
  • Wow! The dress is so gorgeous.
  • Wow! The bird is so beautiful.
  • Yippee! We are going to the concert.
  • Yippee! We are going to the Cineplex to enjoy the movie.
  • Wow! The song is so melodious.
  • Wow! The painting is mind-blowing.
  • Hurray! I have won the lottery.
  • Yippee! We are going to the fair.
  • Wow! The bungalow is so huge.
  • Hurray! I have stood first in the test.
  • Wow! The actor’s performance was brilliant.

Interjections for Surprise Examples

Definition of Interjections for Surprise:

Interjections for surprise express an intense sense of surprise on the happening of something.

Examples of Interjections for Surprise:

  • What! You have broken the show-piece.
  • Eh! You have done a mess.
  • Ah! What have you done?
  • Oh! What a hot and humid day!
  • Hey! Are you sure about it?
  • Oh! What a glorious victory!
  • Oh! What a heavenly beautiful scenery!
  • Ah! You have done a blunder.
  • Eh! You have spoiled the dish.
  • What! You did not sit for the exam.
  • What! You are playing on the field now.
  • Hey! What have you done?
  • Oh! You shouldn’t have done it.
  • Oh! What will happen now?
  • Ah! John has spoiled our plan.
  • What! Ben is not coming.
  • Oh! The movie is too long.
  • Oh! Don’t say that you have done it.
  • What! Allen denied doing the task.
  • What! Albert is not performing.

Interjections for Attention Examples

Interjections for Grief/Pain Examples

Definition of Interjections for Grief/Pain:

Interjections for grief/pain express an intense sense of grief/ pain in any unfortunate event.

Examples of Interjections for Grief/Pain:

  • Ah! Our team lost the match.
  • Alas! John’s father died yesterday.
  • Ouch! I hurt my ankle.
  • What a pity! You have lost your tab.
  • Ah! Our plan has failed.
  • Ah! The project turned into a failure.
  • Ouch! I have hurt my knee.
  • Ouch! I have fallen down.
  • Ouch! I have hurt my toe.
  • Ouch! I hurt my wrist.
  • Ouch! I hurt my elbow.
  • Ah! The program was boring.
  • Ah! The plan did not work.
  • Oh! The story was really sad.
  • Oh! The man is so weak.
  • Oh! Two of our team members are sick.
  • Ah! Aric has broken his leg.
  • Alas! Andrew’s uncle died yesterday.
  • Ah! Allen has broken his hand.
  • Ah! Bob has met with an accident.

Interjections for Approval Examples

Definition of Interjections for Approval:

Interjections for approval express an intense approval on something that has occurred.

Examples of Interjections for Approval

  • Bravo! John has taken a wicket.
  • Well done! You have done a good job.
  • Brilliant! Your article is so helpful.
  • Splendid! I like your work.
  • Well done! You have got the highest marks.
  • Bravo! Richard has scored a goal.
  • Well done! You sang really well.
  • Yummy! The cake is so delicious.
  • Yummy! The pudding is really tasty.
  • Yummy! I loved your cooking.
  • Well done! Your design is beautiful.
  • Brilliant! Your plan is outstanding.
  • Bravo! Lisa has won the quiz contest.
  • Bravo! Jeff has stood first.
  • Bravo! Alice has got the highest marks.
  • Well done! You acted really well.
  • Brilliant! Your writing is flawless.
  • Well done! You painted really good.
  • Splendid! I like your design.
  • Bravo! Allen has become the highest scorer.
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